Explain 3 key requirements
Co-ordination of Controls
• Move vehicle slowly using clutch control
• Turn steering wheel quickly
• No dry steering
• All round checks before moving and throughout the manoeuvre
• Blind Spot check before turning
• Looking backwards whilst reversing
• End within space, half car length from vehicle in front
• Approximately 8 inches (20cm) from kerb
Parallel Parking – Method
Before starting the manoeuvre you will be parked at the side of the road, before the parked car that you will use to reverse in behind. (There will only be one car; the second rear-most car will need to be imagined).
Using the MSM routine move off safely and move out towards the right hand side of the parked car. Stop leaving a gap of approximately 3ft (1mtr) between the cars and approximately 3ft past the front of the other car. You are now at the ‘start position’. Secure the car by putting on the handbrake and select reverse gear. (This will signal your intention to others you are about to reverse).
Whilst conducting this manoeuvre there are four distinct points at which you are required to turn the steering wheel, described below in red lettering.
Before reversing look all around, paying particular attention to the space you are about to enter. If the space and the road are clear, and there are no other road users nearby who are attempting to pass you, start reversing very slowly.
When the rears of the two vehicles are level check your blind spot to the right andcheck ahead. (This is because the front of your car will swing out to the right as you move backwards and steer left). If safe to do so then immediately steer one revolution to the LEFT. Continue to reverse the car slowly towards the kerb whilst looking out the rear window over your left shoulder.
When your car has reached an angle of approximately 45 degrees steer one revolution to the RIGHT. This will then mean you will be reversing towards the kerb at an angle of approximately 45 degrees, with the wheels straight.
You should now mainly look out the back window over your left shoulder, but look every now and then in the left door mirror. As you reverse towards the kerb you should see, in your left door mirror,when the rear wheel of the car is approximately 30cm (12”) from the kerb. At this point, steer one revolution to the RIGHT.
You should continue reversing slowly whilst still mainly look out the back window. Every now and then look a) forward to make sure that the front of your car is not going to hit the other car (this could happen if your steering is insufficient or the turning points were incorrect), and b) in your left door mirror to gauge when your car is parallel with the kerb and your distance from it.
If it appears you are too close to the kerb and likely to hit it, turn the steering wheel further to the right, until it is at full lock. This may be sufficient to prevent you hitting the kerb. If not, stop and return to the ‘start position’ and repeat the manoeuvre.
As your car becomes parallel with the kerb, steer one revolution to the LEFT straightening up your car wheels.
Your car should now be parallel with the kerb and approximately 8” (20cm) from it. Your car should also be half a cars length from the vehicle in front. Stop and secure the car by putting on the handbrake and selecting neutral.
If you are greater than half a cars length from the vehicle in front, manoeuvre slowly forward to close the gap to half a cars length. If the distance between your vehicle and the kerb is too great, manoeuvre slowly backwards or forwards and steer as required to close the gap to approximately 8” (20cm).
Points to remember:
• Every time you are steering, keep the car moving very slow but the steering brisk. (No Dry Steering)
• Whilst manouevering make observations all round for other road users. If other road users are approaching so as to pass you then you must wait and allow them to pass. If they stop, then you may continue with the manoeuvre.
• Remember ‘other road users’ also refers to pedestrians. Do not manoeuvre towards them if they are immediately behind you on the pavement or in the space you are reversing into.
If you have difficulty determining when you are at 45 degree angle or 12” from the kerb then establish and use reference points. (Instructor to help with this)